We perform extensive numerical calculations with the model from (von Schantz & Ehtamo, 2014). We show that most collective effects observed in crowds evacuating through bottlenecks can be produced with the simple local-decision making model.
Methods from investment portfolio optimization is used to solve the minimum time evacuation using rescue guides. With enough rescue guides the evacuation time in all scenarios can be optimized. If there is a restraint on the number of guides, there is a tradeoff between average- and worst case-performing evacuation plans.